Agriculture and economic development
And in the next two years, increased to between 13 and 15 percent. The following text tries to trace the values which are attached to agriculture from the beginning of the CAP until today. The development in all other places was quite different.
Despite relatively high market prices the traditional structures changed. In the s the share of persons employed in agriculture in the original six member states of the European Community was rather high, on average higher than today in most of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe wanting to join the EU.
Importance of agricultural economics pdf
This assessment is likely to change at least for those farms which are commercially viable and shed the mantle of the family farm. Because it causes a change in the attitude of the people towards agriculture. The mass media is criticising the behaviour and demands of farmers' organizations by pointing out that agriculture and food products constitute about 40 percent of total spending in Polish households. His sons also have quite big farms. Product Contribution: Most of the developing countries depend on their own agriculture to provide food to be consumed by their population. Even developed countries lay emphasis on agricultural development. Stability of the market is thought to benefit both, the producer and the consumer. There is an important story about the PSEs.
Besides, to increase employment in agriculture, lands reforms such as tenancy reforms and distribution of land through imposition of ceilings on landholdings should be effectively implemented as small farmers employ more labour, have larger cropping intensity and higher productivity.
On the other hand, developing countries which have neglected agriculture as India in the Second and Third Five Year Plans and allocated bulk of their investment resources to the industrial sector soon found themselves with problems of food shortage, inflation and balance of payments difficulties.
So people who are involved with that kind of activity are involved in something special. At the same time the offer of food in terms of variety of products and quality improved considerably. Thus, the capacity to import capital goods and machinery for industrial development depends crucially on the export earning of the agriculture sector.
Strategies to raise productivity might include some of the following: Investing in better and extensive rural roads and renewable energy supplies Investment in small scale capital inputs - e. The systematic promotion of rural development on Community level has been one of the achievements of the reform launched in The agricultural prices should also not be too low so as to provide incentives to the farmers to increase agricultural production.
It produced negative consequences because the attitude of farmers towards liberalisation, a market economy, had shifted during the first years from one position to its opposite.
Poland is between these two extremes so there is not the tendency to treat farmers as people chosen by God.
Role of agriculture in economic development wikipedia
Contribution of Agriculture to Employment Generation. The added value is the attachment to the traditional values: attachment to the land, keeping the farm in the family for generations, active involvement of the farmer and his family in the running of the farm. Product Contribution: Most of the developing countries depend on their own agriculture to provide food to be consumed by their population. Besides, various agro-based industries such as rice-husking, sugar manufacturing, oil-crushing, handloom weaving also depends on agriculture for the raw material supplies. It cites among the positive aspects the consumer's security of supply at stable prices, the progress in agricultural techniques and the contribution of agricultural exports to the balance of trade. This is very important to Western Europe's underlying values. The rising agricultural surplus caused by increasing agricultural production and productivity tends to improve social welfare, particularly in rural areas. But it is worried about the budgetary consequences of production surpluses and regional disparities in benefits derived from the CAP. That would mean that we are about 40 years back in development. But, food security is no longer the shining Grail to which people pay tribute. It was a part of the shock therapy - and shock therapy is not a good therapy. Some contend Poland was a very interesting case because Poland kept the fragmented family farm, and did not let this agriculture develop. If you say that there is Specificity in agriculture, it means that there are some values that are not attributed to other sectors, and you have to define those values. Of course, there was income support in the community, but the money that was pumped into agriculture helped farmers to increase productivity tremendously. The agricultural prices should also not be too low so as to provide incentives to the farmers to increase agricultural production.
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