An analysis of the concept of puritanism in the 17th century and the first great awakening
To keep the discussion on that track—and to make such connections more accessible to students—you might try tossing out the observation that religious culture in America today bears many resemblances to that of the eighteenth century.
A Third Great Awakening was said to span from the late s to the early 20th century. And they took still greater exception when some white women and African Americans shed their subordinate social status long enough to exhort religious gatherings.
Third great awakening
What was the Great Awakening? Under Frelinghuysen's influence, Tennent came to believe that a definite conversion experience followed by assurance of salvation was the key mark of a Christian. Traditional clergy asserted that it fomented fanaticism and that the emphasis on extemporaneous preaching would increase the number of uneducated preachers and downright charlatans. What they heard from their preachers, they both understood and generally accepted as the essence of true Christian faith. New Lights accused Old Lights of being more concerned with social status than with saving souls and even questioned whether some Old Light ministers were even converted. Historians Debate There are two notable trends in recent scholarship on this subject. Ann Hutchinson was one of the founders of Providence, Rhode Island. Historical Context of Puritanism By the early 18th century, the New England theocracy clung to a medieval concept of religious authority. Sometimes revival would be initiated by regular preaching or the customary pulpit exchanges between two ministers. By the time he returned to Boston, crowds at his sermons grew, and his farewell sermon was said to have included some 30, people. Revivals would continue to spread to the southern backcountry and slave communities in the s and s. From a political perspective, this led to stability since everyone now practiced the same religion. Once free.
In colonial New England, dowries were a common feature of marriage. Because they threatened Congregationalist uniformity, the Separatists were persecuted and in Connecticut they were denied the same legal toleration enjoyed by Baptists, Quakers and Anglicans.
In the Southern coloniesthe Anglican church was officially established, though there were significant numbers of Baptists, Quakers and Presbyterians.
So your next move might be to pose the question: What could account for the tremendous appeal of evangelical Christianity to men and women living on both sides of the Atlantic during the latter half of the eighteenth century?
Historical Context of Puritanism By the early 18th century, the New England theocracy clung to a medieval concept of religious authority. The church saw this hierarchy as a status that was fixed at birth, and the doctrinal emphasis was placed on the depravity of common man, and the sovereignty of God as represented by his church leadership.
The orthodox Puritan colonies were societies of status and subordination, with the ranks of men arranged in strict hierarchies. His revivals led to many conversions, and the Great Awakening spread from North America back to the European continent. There was a feeling among believers that established religion had become complacent.
They believe only an outward Christ, we further believe that He must be inwardly formed in our hearts also. But in the colonies before the American Revolution , there were clearly social changes at work, including a rising commercial and capitalist economy, as well as increased diversity and individualism. The stage was set for a renewal of faith, and in the late s, a revival began to take root as preachers altered their messages and reemphasized concepts of Calvinism. Their preaching initiated the Welsh Methodist revival. The movement also prompted a rise in evangelicalism , which united believers under the umbrella of like-minded Christians, regardless of denomination, for whom the path to salvation was the acknowledgment that Jesus Christ died for our sins. But Whitefield—and many American preachers who eagerly imitated his style—presented that message in novel ways. By , there were over Baptist churches in New England. Newer denominations, such as Methodists and Baptists, grew quickly.
He turned to Wesley who was at first uneasy about preaching outdoors, which violated his high-church sense of decency. Citation Information.
From that point on, Whitefield sought the new birth.
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