An analysis of the hopes and dreams of the league of nation and the treaty of versailles
Keynes' rhetoric reveals the Marxian roots of his comments and expectations.
Why did the league of nations fail
For that he would compromise almost anything else. Most of the conflicts of the 20th century were fueled by nationalism , as were the genocides and atrocities that accompanied those wars. Nevertheless, the emotional appeal of including them made it impossible for Wilson to object. From his sick bed, he wrote a letter to the other members of the Democratic Party. Population densities in those nations during WW-I were much smaller and capital investment much less. If the people of the Saar then choose to rejoin Germany, Germany can buy back the coal mines. For each of these 8 tactics, we: It is my duty however, for I am sure you would wish me to state the facts as I see them to you, to place before you certain facts about the present position in Europe. East Germany would disappear behind the Iron Curtain.
Free trade would negate much of these dislocations, but nationalist sentiment and protectionist interests will not permit that. It had undermined social cohesion and faith in political leadership. Neither of them paid adequate attention to these problems at any stage of the Conference.
He took his appeal directly to the American people in the summer of nineteen nineteen.
Inflation is destroying the purchasing power of currencies. Over Wilson's protests, they ignored the Fourteen Points one by one.
His upbringing in the American Jim Crow South made him oblivious to including non-whites in any discussion of political and social rights.
Ethnic groups in the United States helped its defeat. Thus, limitations on German sovereign rights were rephrased as international rights or rights of Poland or other neighboring states.
League of nations notes
But, as before, Wilson refused. President Wilson believed the Senate would have to approve it if the American people demanded it. It was intent on retreating into isolationism and establishing tariff protections for influential domestic producers. Article X of the League of Nations required the United States to respect the territorial integrity of member states. Thus, limitations on German sovereign rights were rephrased as international rights or rights of Poland or other neighboring states. Keynes' rhetoric reveals the Marxian roots of his comments and expectations. A blood vessel burst inside his brain. All the lesser European economies depended on the German market and on efficient German suppliers. It seemed clear the Senate would reject the treaty. Inflation is destroying the purchasing power of currencies. As one of my GCSE students put it, brilliantly: The Peace of Versailles was like a big stick of dynamite, and Hitler was just like the little boy with the match. In Witchita, Kansas, he had a small stroke.
In the absence of the trade war initiated by the United States inGermany and Europe would have fared much better during the s and the history of the world might have traveled along far more productive and peaceful paths.
Finally, Wilson proposed an international organization comprising representatives of all the world's nations that would serve as a forum against allowing any conflict to escalate. All that accumulation is now exposed as in vain.
League of nations members
The German military was reduced to a domestic police force and its territory was truncated to benefit the new nations of Eastern Europe. Then open the activities on the right side of the page. He said the Senate would not approve the treaty unless several changes were made to protect American independence. The stubborness of President Wilson led him to ask his own party to scuttle the treaty. He was "a blind and deaf Don Quixote" completely unable to understand, much less counter, the devious purposes and negotiating tactics of the other principals. Moreover, the violently fluctuating exchange rates raise commercial risks that discourage production. Its armies were defeated and its people were starving, while the rumblings of German communists grew louder in the cities. Germany was to admit guilt for the war and pay unlimited reparations. The treaty was defeated. Because it was a treaty made without thought of fairness or consideration as to what its effects might be. Nations should not form cliques within the League of Nations, and every settlement must be in the broad interest of all nations rather than just of particular nations. He attached reservations, or amendments, to the treaty to this effect.
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