An overview of italy
The country's main economic sectors are tourism, fashion, engineering, chemicals, motor vehicles and food.
Mr Berlusconi's Mediaset empire operates Italy's top private TV stations, and the public broadcaster, Rai, has traditionally been subject to political influence, so that when Mr Berlusconi was prime minister, he was able to exert tight control over both public and private broadcasting.
Italian citizens over the age of 18 can vote for candidates for the Chamber of Deputies, but have to be over 25 to vote for senators. In Sardiniathe former Byzantine provinces became independent states known in Italian as Judicatesalthough some parts of the island fell under Genoese or Pisan rule until the eventual Aragonese annexation in the 15th century.
They were independent thalassocratic city-states, though most of them originated from territories once belonging to the Byzantine Empire. Italy's judiciary is independent from the council of ministers and parliament and is the country's third power block.
The wealth such business brought to Italy meant that large public and private artistic projects could be commissioned. Royal LibraryTurin The Medici became the leading family of Florence and fostered and inspired the birth of the Italian Renaissance,   along with other families of Italy, such as the Visconti and Sforza of Milanthe Este of Ferraraand the Gonzaga of Mantua.
The western Alps overlook a landscape of Alpine lakes and glacier-carved valleys that stretch down to the Po River and the Piedmont. Leonardo da Vinci , the quintessential Renaissance man , in a self-portrait, c. The Renaissance , a period of vigorous revival of the arts and culture, originated in Italy due to a number of factors: the great wealth accumulated by merchant cities, the patronage of its dominant families,  and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Conquest of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks. The covered areas are: corporate income tax, indirect tax, international tax, legal, mergers and acquisitions, tax accounting, tax controversy and dispute resolution, transfer pricing, etc. Italy became a Republic in after King Umberto's abdication and during the Cold War years the country allied itself to the west. The Italian economy is driven in large part by the manufacture of high-quality consumer goods produced by small and medium-sized enterprises, many of them family-owned. Within the country there are the two independent enclaves; Vatican City and San Marino. The strongest among these city-states gradually absorbed the surrounding territories giving birth to the Signorie , regional states often led by merchant families which founded local dynasties. PwC Italy supports clients with the local knowledge and skills of its people and with access to a broad range of other professionals across the PwC global network of firms. Public drunkenness and violent crime are very rare, although the usual crimes such as pick pocketing are present in the large towns and cities. The northern areas and inland could be described as humid continental, while other inland areas at altitude experience very harsh winters. Elected by parliament for a seven-year term, the President currently Giorgio Napolitano has the responsibilities of appointing the Prime Minister currently Silvio Berlusconi , heading the judiciary and commanding the armed forces. However, from the s to the s there were economic and political hardships in the country, with social conflicts and terrorist acts.
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