Aristotles views on virtue and his philosophy of the soul

aristotle virtue ethics summary

Justice concerns itself with the right distribution of rewards and punishments within a community. He recognised a necessary and reciprocal relationship between the state and the individual in which education is in the service of the state's needs but where the state also has a duty to ensure that individuals flourish, that is, achieve technical and moral goodness and happiness.

The right enjoyment of leisure is a higher pursuit that would see people thinking carefully and deeply about all manner of things as well as engaging with the arts and music.

Aristotles views on virtue and his philosophy of the soul

Because of this pattern in his actions, we would be justified in saying of the impetuous person that had his passions not prevented him from doing so, he would have deliberated and chosen an action different from the one he did perform.

It is easy enough to see that we desire money, pleasure, and honor only because we believe that these goods will make us happy. Sometimes only a small degree of anger is appropriate; but at other times, circumstances call for great anger. Is it to ask appropriate questions but never state an opinion?

It is not enough to say that it is what happens when we are in good condition and are active in unimpeded circumstances; one must add to that point the further idea that pleasure plays a certain role in complementing something other than itself.

aristotle intellectual virtues

Further, to suppose that we know particular things better by adding on their general conceptions of their forms, is about as absurd as to imagine that we can count numbers better by multiplying them. Final cause is thus internal to the nature of the object itself, and not something we subjectively impose on it.

It must then be found in the work and life which is unique to humans. Though many ends of life are only means to further ends, our aspirations and desires must have some final object or pursuit.

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Aristotle and Happiness