How to write a reference in an essay

Some journals,e. Other types of publications The three examples above cover the most common publication types. For images found on the internet the required elements for a reference are: Author.

How to write a reference in an essay

What should you reference? Once you have understood the principles common to all referencing systems you should be able to apply the specific rules set by your own department. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts. Each department will have its own preferred format, and every journal or book editor has a set of 'house rules'. Some styles put et al. The name of the author is included in brackets, together with the year of publication. If there are more than three authors then you can cite the first author and use the abbreviation 'et al', meaning 'and all'. It is often the name which is written on the spine of the volume, and if you remember this it may be easier for you to remember which is the appropriate title to highlight. Writing style includes the tenses we use, the level of formality, our own choice of words, the kinds of metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over punctuation, the length of sentences, or the use of specialist terms. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant? Gash, S. For example: Peake, S. Publisher, place of publication, chapter pages.

Articles References to all different kinds of scholarly articles, i. Maps from Google Earth: Google Earth version if applicable. See the separate section on quotes. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received.

reference for project work

Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the essay yourself. Knapper, C. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on them too much.

How to write references in thesis

Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Google Earth 6. Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of publication. See Full Citation. Article number Books, theses and reports Examples: Beletsky, L. Animals and temperature: phenotypic and evolutionary adaptation. Use p. A study of hormonal regulation of body temperature and consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse Mus musculus in Nome, Alaska. University of Leicester. Aldershot: Gower. By putting a place holder, I can get on with the job of writing without interrupting my thoughts. Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e. Don't take the risk, reference properly. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief OED, Journal articles Journal articles must also include: the name and volume number of the journal; the first and last page numbers of the article.
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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing