Pros and cons of gentic engineering in animals essay

History of genetic engineering in animals

How can they possibly understand the ramifications of slight changes made at the smallest level? As this fact there is opposition to the progression of the field by people who do not see the value in genetic engineering, or they fear what genetic engineering may lead to for us as people. In fact, they are as relevant today as they ever were. It is a deliberate modification which occurs through the direct manipulation of the genetic material of an organism. Plants and animals can have specific traits developed through genetic engineering that can make them more attractive to use or consumption. Critics believe that bioengineering poses greater risks than it does benefits. Also, as defective genes are replaced with functional gene, then it is expected that there will be a reduction in genetic diversity and if human beings will have identical genomes, the population as a whole will be susceptible to virus or any form of diseases [ 5 ]. An accident or an unknown result could cause several problems. Creating more efficient agricultural animals threatens weaken the genetic diversity of the herd and thereby make them more susceptible to new strains of infectious disease. The nutritional value of foods can be less. With genetic engineering, we will be able to increase the complexity of our DNA, and improve the human race. Even if there is higher levels of heat or lower levels of light, it becomes possible to expand what can be grown in those conditions. The doctors can therefore invent a cure for this illness before it spreads really far and before anyone else gets sick.

The main problem with such questions is that we don't know the answer until we try them out. This causes the pathogens to become stronger and more resistant than they normally would be, potentially creating future health concerns that are unforeseen.

Therefore, eating these foods could reduce the effectiveness of antibiotics to fight disease when these antibiotics are taken with meals.

Genetic engineering in animals pros and cons

Altering the DNA of organisms has certainly raised a few eyebrows. Is that right? Both the United States' and the EU's legal systems have been slow to respond with legislation specifically regulating biotechnology, and each have permitted their patent law to provide a supportive ground for genetic engineering research and development. Scientists do not yet know absolutely everything about the way that the human body works although they do, of course, have a very good idea. Produce New Foods Genetic engineering is not just good for people. These can include milk production and disease resistance, as well as improving the nutritional value of the products they are farmed for. Genetic engineering not only offers the possibility of eliminating birth defects and genetic illness, but also presents the moral ambiguity of eugenics.

Most currently available GMO foods are plants, such as fruit and vegetables. Most genetically engineered plant foods carry fully functioning antibiotic-resistance genes. Manufacturers use genetic modification to give foods desirable traits.

pros and cons of genetic engineering in plants

There are many different methods in genetic engineering, but the goal of all the methods is to manipulate the genetic material DNA of the cells in a living organism in order to either change it hereditary traits or to produce biological products Many companies copyright their genetic engineering processes or products to maintain their profitability.

The doctors can therefore invent a cure for this illness before it spreads really far and before anyone else gets sick. Genetic engineering can create a natural resistance against certain pathogens for plants and animals, but the natural evolutionary process is geared toward creating pathways.

pros and cons of transgenic animals

Genetic engineering involves the re-arranging of DNA sequences, artificial horizontal gene transfer and cloning.

Rated 10/10 based on 118 review
Download
Human, Social, and Environmental Impacts of Human Genetic Engineering